Attitudes towards the COVID-19 vaccine in the general paraguayan population

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Resumen

Introducción: la pandemia de COVID-19 ha provocado cambios que afectan a los sistemas
sanitarios y al enfoque de las enfermedades infecciosas en todo el mundo. La esperanza de
recuperar un cierto nivel de “normalidad” depende del desarrollo de vacunas. Objetivos: el objetivo
de este estudio fue describir las actitudes hacia la vacuna COVID-19 en la población paraguaya,
explorando los factores que podrían abordarse para apoyar la campaña de vacunación contra el
SARS-CoV-2. Materiales y métodos: estudio transversal y descriptivo. Los participantes fueron
reclutados a través de una encuesta por Internet, difundida a través de las redes sociales, durante el
mes de marzo de 2021. Todos los participantes recibieron información completa sobre el objetivo del
estudio, la privacidad y el procesamiento de datos. Resultados: de los 2297 participantes, el 67,9 %
(n=1559) eran mujeres, el 49,9 % (n=1147) estaban empleados, el 89,1 % (n=2046) declararon tener
estudios universitarios y el 96,6 % (n=2218) eran de zonas urbanas. En general, 81,8 % (n=1879)
de los participantes declararon estar dispuestos a vacunarse contra la COVID-19 si hubiera una
vacuna disponible. Se encontró una relación significativa entre haber recibido la vacuna contra la
gripe y la intención de vacunarse contra la COVID-19 (p <0,0001), con una OR de 3,09 (95% IC
2,1-4,5). Conclusión: el porcentaje de participantes inclinados a vacunarse contra la COVID-19 es similar al de los que esperan recibir una inmunización adecuada gracias a la vacuna. El gobierno y las agencias de salud deben hacer un esfuerzo para proporcionar información precisa que responda a las preocupaciones de la gente sobre la vacunación, en cualquier nivel de la sociedad

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Publicado

2022-03-08

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Torales, . J. C., Rios Gonzalez, C., O’Higgins, M. G., Almirón Santacruz, J., Duarte Zoilan, D. G., Ruiz Díaz, N., Ayala Servín, J. N., García Franco, O., Estigarribia Sanabria, G., Sanabria Báez, G., Ríos Mujica, P., Villalba Arias, J., Castaldelli Maia, J. M., Ventriglio, A., & Barrios Coronel, I. (2022). Attitudes towards the COVID-19 vaccine in the general paraguayan population. Anales De La Facultad De Ciencias Médicas, 54(3), 25–32. Recuperado a partir de https://revistascientificas.una.py/index.php/RP/article/view/2302

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