Between Utopia and Reality: insecurity in Indigenous and Mennonite Communities in and around the City of Filadelfia, Boqueron, Paraguay
Palabras clave:Vulnerability, Violence, Abuse at Work, Mennonites, Indigenous Groups, Drug Trafficking
How can the social transformations of present-day Filadelfia, Boquerón, Paraguay be studied? In this article, new dynamics that show insecurity in Mennonite and indigenous communities are described. Qualitative interviews were carried out. Fourteen representatives were interviewed on: a) The main incidents that demonstrate vulnerability and, b) the identification of the aggressors as the Settlers. The reports provided by indigenous persons show that actions that are legal can still constitute a nightmare when exploitation and conditions of vulnerability are added. Regarding the Mennonite Settlers, they say that their youngmen in their desire to break the rules, consume, sell and introduce illicit drugs to their communities. Regarding the incidents of violence against women, those who force or abuse female members of the congregation are their fathers, brothers, uncles and grandfathers.
Diario La Nación. (2020). Pista clandestina intervenida en el Chaco resulta clave en tráfico de cocaína [Clandestine landingstrip in the Chaco is key in cocaine trafficking]. Published July 18th, Asunción: Grupo Cartes.
Diario Última Hora. (2015). Indígenas tienen por primera vez su cédula de identidad [Indigenous people have their identity card for the first time]. Published July 6th, Asunción: Grupo Vierci.
Diario Última Hora. (2020). Minna articula inscripción masiva de indígenas en Registro Civil y cedulación [Minna articulates massive registration of indigenous persons in the Civil Registry and identity cards were issued] . Published October 26th, Asunción: Grupo Vierci.
Dirección General de Estadísticas, Encuestas y Censos. (2012). Atlas de Comunidades Indígenas en el Paraguay. Asunción: DGEEC-PY [General Directorate of Statistics, Surveys and Censuses. (2012). Atlas of Indigenous Communities in Paraguay. Asunción: DGEEC-PY.].
Gamarra, W. (2019). SENAD incautó 300 kg de cocaína en pista de aterrizaje del Chaco [SENAD seizes 300 kg of cocaine on the Chaco airstrip] . Filadelfia: RCC.
Moriconi, M., & Peris, C.A. (2019). Merging legality with illegality in Paraguay: the cluster of order in Pedro Juan Caballero, Third World Quarterly, 40:12, 2210-2227, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01436597.2019.1636225
Ortíz, N. (2018). La drogadicción: Una realidad que no se aleja mucho del Chaco [Drug addiction: A reality not far from the Chaco]. Filadelfia: RCC.
Quiroga, L. y Ayala, O. (2014). Violencia e impunidad hacia el Pueblo Paĩ Tavyterã-Kaiowa [Violence and impunity towards the Paĩ Tavyterã-Kaiowa People]. Asunción: Tierra Viva.
Secretaria de Estado de Tributación. (2020). Registro Público General de Grandes Contribuyentes [General Public Registry of Large Contributors]. Asunción: SET-PY.