AFLATOXINAS, UN RIESGO REAL

Andrea Alejandra Arrúa Alvarenga, Juliana Moura Méndez, Danilo Fernández Ríos

Resumen


Las micotoxinas más estudiadas hasta hoy son las aflatoxinas (AFs). Son las sustancias carcinóge- nas naturales más potentes hasta ahora conocidas; y son además teratogénicas y mutagénicas. Producen daño hepático y afecciones de los pulmones, inducen tumores, y disminuyen la eficiencia del sistema inmunitario. Se acumulan en los tejidos y se excretan por la leche. Debido a esto, plantean un problema especial para la inocuidad de los alimentos.

Palabras clave


Aflatoxinas, hongos, intoxicación humana, carcinogénesis, bioacumulación

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Referencias


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