¿Mejora el PILATES la salud mental?

Julio Torales, Marcos Almirón, Israel González, Rodrigo Navarro, Marcelo O’Higgins, João Castaldelli-Maia, Antonio Ventriglio

Resumen


El Pilates es una forma alternativa de terapia física de baja a moderada intensidad, predominantemente realizada en el suelo y que se enfoca en abordar estabilidad, fuerza muscular, flexibilidad, respiración y postura. Existe evidencia que sostiene su utilidad en la salud física. En cambio, la evidencia es todavía limitada en cuanto a su efectividad para mejorar la salud mental. El objetivo de este artículo de revisión fue resaltar la evidencia preliminar que apoya la utilidad del Pilates en la mejora de la salud mental y variables psicológicas de las personas. Esta fue una revisión narrativa, no sistemática, centrada en literatura primaria, seleccionada de una búsqueda en las bases de datos PubMed y SciELO. Los términos clave que se utilizaron fueron los siguientes: "Pilates y salud mental”, “Pilates y trastornos mentales” y “Pilates y psiquiatría”. Los resultados fueron complementados con literatura secundaria (libros y capítulos de libros). Todos los miembros del equipo de investigación participaron en la revisión de la literatura. Todo lo anterior se realizó a fin de brindar una orientación general que sirva a médicos psiquiatras y a fisioterapeutas en el diseño de planes terapéuticos que complementen a los psicofármacos, la psicoterapia y al ejercicio físico convencional.


Palabras clave


Pilates; salud mental; variables psicológicas.

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Referencias


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