Internación compulsiva de usuarios de crack para el tratamiento de la dependencia: una revisión sistemática de la literatura

Aldo Pacheco Ferreira, Priscila Marcia Costa Assumpção Silva, Marluce Rodrigues Godinho, Regina Maria de Carvalho Erthal, Maria Helena Barros de Oliveira, Marcos Besserman Vianna

Resumen


El estudio tuvo como objetivo discutir los conflictos de la internación compulsiva de consumidores de crack. Se realizó una revisión sistemática sobre el tratamiento compulsivo. La búsqueda fue realizada en las bases de datos: Scopus, PubMed, SciELO, Web of Science, Elsevier y Medline, así como en Google y Google Scholar, y se incluyeron publicaciones de 2000 a 2017. El desenlace primario de interés fue el uso de drogas post-tratamiento, y el secundario la reincidencia criminal pos-tratamiento. De un total de 448 estudios potenciales identificados, doce estudios cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Se concluye que la internación compulsiva, además de ser agresiva y una forma de tratamiento ineficaz, constituye un modo de eliminación de los indeseados, constituyéndose en práctica higienista violadora de derechos humanos.

Palabras clave


cocaína crack; conducta adictiva; toxicología forense; derechos humanos; política de salud; control social; salud pública.

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Referencias


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